Every SLP needs resources on how to implement effective grammar intervention because half our caseloads have goals in this area!
Much of my career as a speech therapist has been working with students that have goals targeting grammar. I have seen that many children with deficits in grammar, oftentimes, have language deficits in other areas such as vocabulary, oral comprehension, and story narration.
EBP for grammar intervention made easy for SLPs!
Today, I wanted to share some articles I have found that talk about strategies for implementing effective grammar intervention.
Information about Implementing Effective Grammar Intervention
What I found when reading these different articles is there is not a “must use this technique always” when targeting grammar. There is, however, some really good guidelines that researchers have found to be helpful when you, the clinician are creating a treatment plan.
Fey, M.E., Long, S.H., Finestack, L.H. (2003). Ten principles of grammatical intervention for children with specific language impairments. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 12: 3-15
Some of the principles shared in the article are as follows:
The function of improving a child’s expressive grammar is so that they can have better language to effectively communicate whether orally or in written form. Thus, we should be targeting skills that will help improve their communication (a tip for writing/choosing goals) or help them to make progress with common core standards and academic activities.
A clinician may get more “bang for their buck” if they target grammar by broad grammar patterns versus “isolated” grammar targets.
“When grammar is targeted, it should be treated in ways that lead to improvements in other domains, such as storytelling, comprehension and expression of expository text, and reading comprehension.”
Grammar Intervention Research Article
A randomized clinical trial looked at two grammar treatment procedures of recasting and a cuing hierarchy in 31 five-year-olds to see which treatment would yield better results.
Here is what they found:
First off, the very fancy term “recasting” is simply the clinician implicitly responding to a child’s response with the correct grammar and sometimes emphasizing the correct word like, “I really love cookiessssss too.” This technique helps keep the flow of conversation going without having to stop and correct the child. (you’re welcome for learning a big fancy speech therapy word…now go sprinkle that into your IEP meetings to impress some folk
In the study, when a child in the recast group made a grammar error, the SLP would do a “recast” and move on with the lesson, using recasting every time there was an error.
With the cueing group, when the child made an error, the SLP went through a hierarchy of scaffolding techniques to work on having the child correctly produce the grammar structure.
The overall study found that the cueing group made more growth then the recasting group.
So, children with speech and language impairments appear to be responding to implicit grammar intervention that provides cueing and allowing the child to say the sentence again to correct his/her error.
The Effectiveness of Two Grammar Treatment Procedures for Children With SLI: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2015, Vol. 46, 312-324. doi:10.1044/2015_LSHSS-14-0041 Karen M. Smith-Lock, Suze Leitão, Polly Prior, and Lyndsey Nickels
Practical Strategies For Grammar Intervention
Now, time for the practical tips for implementing these findings! I typically will do 0ne-two structured therapy sessions filled with cueing and explicitly teaching the grammar components that I want to target. It will include visuals sentence strips, visuals of the rules, worksheets, lots of modeling, and having the student trying to correctly use the grammar rule.
Then, my next two sessions are filled with activities that the child may be asked to do in the classroom. Basically, working on generalizing or applying the skill into a more complex task. Often times, I will use books, story telling, answering wh-questions, describing nouns by attributes, play activities (i.e. play dough, cars, tea party, etc.) or describing picture scenes to work on grammar. During this time, I am modeling, expanding, and “recasting” (it feels good word dropping fancy terms here). I feel like these sessions allow me to also let them hear correct grammar modeled to them, which seems important to the process.
My Parts of Speech Sentence Flips are a great tool to use as a warm up to build mastery of LOTS of different grammar. These sentence flips have a lot of opportunities for clinicians to cue the student with the correct grammar.
My Parts of Speech Flashcard books are a great tool to use as a quick warm up as well or send home as homework. Once assembled, students can create grammatically correct sentences with visual supports.
Sentence Frame Graphic Organizer (FREE) is a great tool to use with any book, youtube video or a picture. It provides color coded columns to sort different parts of speech. This is a great tool to start building more complex sentences and beginning to introduce written language.
My Student Language Helpers are visual supports that you can make with two file folders glued or stapled together. You can then glue all the different parts of speech to the helper. The student can use this in the speech room or even in the classroom to help when writing sentences!
My seasonal themed vocabulary and grammar resource allows me to used seasonal vocabulary to practice grammar concepts as well as work on other skills such as wh-questions, compare/contrast and describing by attributes. These activities and visuals pair well with all of my seasonal books that I like to bring into the therapy room.
What resources for implementing effective grammar intervention do you use? What techniques and research have you found for this intervention? I would love to add more tools to my tool belt! Comment below or email me at email@example.com
My son is now a reader! We have been working on independent reading and reading out loud throughout the summer. Check out my FREE independent reading incentives bookmarks for your own kids. I wanted to make him some reading comprehension task cards that also worked on vocabulary and writing. Then, I thought “What if I could make some reading comprehension task cards that I can also use with my speech students next year?”Perfect! Now, I just needed a non-fiction topic…….
My son loves learning about bugs…..My speech students LOVE bugs, so that’s how this set began its creation! This upcoming year, I will be back at the elementary site, but I think these listenting and reading comprehension task cards could be used with upper elementary/middle school for students working at a younger grade level.
Great non-fiction passages to work on reading fluency and comprehension with a bug theme.
The activities in this set are perfect for independent work, can be used as a whole group lesson or as a literacy/language center. What I love the most about these cards is that there are QR codes that link to REAL LIFE photos of the bugs!! Pretty cool, huh!?
There are 12 non-fiction passages including 12 task cards with comprehension questions to answer about the passage. I laminated mine, so that the students can use with a dry erase marker and I can use them over and over again. Plus, I included hands on worksheet booklets to incorporate more learning after reading the passages. Skills included: comparing/contrasting, vocabulary, adjectives, drawing/writing task and a writing page.
Included in this set are some fun magnifying cards with QR codes to links to youtube videos that have more information about the bugs the students read about. What kid doesn’t love using that QR code app?
For all my fabulous followers, I made you a FREE BONUS LESSON to try out! This lesson is not in my larger set, so make sure to get both! It includes a non-fiction task card passage about honeybees, comprehension task card and a facts worksheet, so students can write down key details from the passage.
I am giving away 3 copies of this to some of my followers! Leave a comment below with a number between 1-100. I will be doing a live raffle on perioscope on SUNDAY, July 19 at 6pm PST. Meet me there to see if your number is drawn!!
Summer is just around the corner and it is a great theme to use in therapy! Having summer speech therapy activities to send home as homework are perfect for those summer months. If you are working this summer, then grab some summer speech therapy activities on TPT!!
I started using my summer themed resources this week and plan to use them till the end of May. Check out my round up of free and paid TPT products that I have found to help plan therapy. I have links categorized by target area, so you can easily find the items you need!
Summer Speech Therapy Activities
Planning speech therapy lessons is a whole a lot easier when you pick a theme! If I want to do a BBQ theme, then I try to find resources that will cover goals for my whole caseload. These summer speech therapy activities are listed by target area, so you can quickly find items in the areas you need for your summer theme.
Thanksgiving has ended and it’s time to bring out the sweater, scarfs, boots and gloves because the winter season has arrived. In Sacramento, we are finally getting some rain and the mornings and evenings have been chilly. Looking forward to curling up with a blanket and a good book over the holiday break. I created some grammar and vocabulary activities for the winter season to make therapy planning easy!
My winter packs have matching cards, so you can play go fish, memory or the flash light game with a fun winter theme while practicing verb actions and simple pronoun + is +verb-ing.
I love having a visual picture board that I can ask wh-questions such as “who is wearing skates?” to receptively target comprehension of actions and vocabulary. Students can also make sentences, follow directions with spatial concepts or describe people by attributes.
There are vocabulary cards to practice comparing and contrasting how winter items are similar and different. I have also included stimulus cards for third person singular and singular/plural markers. There is also a winter category visual poster to work on words that are in the winter season! This set has you covered with LOTS of visuals, so it is easy to use with all levels.
If you like what you see, grab my year round seasonal bundle for your caseload by clicking the photo above! Hope you snag this during the TPT cyber sale. My whole store will be on sale and if you use the cyber code TPTCYBER to get 28% off ALL of my products!
Are you a traveling SLP who has to go to multiple sites? Do many of your students need visuals to help suppor their language development? Are your upper elementary students or junior high students always grumbling about coming to speech? Are you TIRED of using worksheets in therapy to target language development? Whew……that’s a lot of questions. Did I just overwhelm your brain with TOO MUCH language input?
I have two great games to share with you all from Blue Orange Games that are easy to transport and store, are visually appealing, and helps make language therapy more fun! Both games come in a little tin and has 60 cards. Each card has a picture on each side, which means you have 120 pictures in each game. Tell Tale- The Art of Storytelling game has cards of all sorts of items such as a dog, alien, haunted house, a jogger, a ring and much more.
There are four ways to play both of the games. I played the “Story Board” version with my speech and language kids. I asked one of the 4th grade teachers if I could come in to teach a lesson and have a “Story Competition”. The kids had to break up into 4 groups consisting of 5-6 students in a group. One student was designated the “writer” and the other team members were the story teller brainstormers! Each team got 6 picture cards that they put in the order that they wanted. One team got a “haunted house” theme, two groups got a “princess theme” and another group got “a cowboy theme”. As a group we discussed all the key story elements they could add to the story. We then brainstormed how we could make our stories more “entertaining” by adding dialog, figurative language, adjectives, conjunctions, and feelings. The team to collect the most points was the winner! As the teacher and I listened to the stories, I gave points for each element they included along with points for having dialog, adjective, etc. All the kids were engaged and had lots of fun!
Some of my speech language kids have a REALLY hard time telling a story and use very simple sentence structure when telling a story. So, I gave each student three cards from the deck and told them they have to try and write ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘where’, and ‘when’ in their story. Before they began writing, we talked about what those terms mean and what they would look like in the sentence. My kids always need visuals! Each student got points to put on their dollar challenge. If they could get all the elements in their sentence, they got 2 points and 1 point for attempting a great sentence. I also had them then go back to the sentence and underline the parts of the sentences and label if it was who, where, when or what. It was nice to see all my 4th and 5th graders engaged and writing longer, more complex sentences!
Now the great news! Blue Orange Games wants to give one of you a copy of either game for free. The winner gets to pick which version of this great game they would like! Enter the rafflecopter giveaway below.
Raise your hand if fall is your season! The fall weather, food, and accessories are what I love most about fall. And the other thing I love about fall is making fall-themed sensory bins to go with my fave books. In this blog post, I will share my top ten best...
Sometimes our students with speech sound disorders are NOT digging our drill and kill activities. And, if our students aren't motivated to practice their speech sound goals, progress suffers. What if I told you that there are games that are sound loaded to help you...
During the fall season, a great theme to plan for your speech therapy caseload is an apple theme! Your students can relate to apples because they are snacking on them, baking with them, and enjoying sweet drinks like apple cider! Today, I will share all my best tips...
All About Me is a versatile theme for preschool and early elementary students. You can use an All About Me theme any time of the year, but it is an ideal theme to use at the start of the school year. By having students talk about their likes and dislikes, you can...
What kid wouldn't want to hunt a pirate treasure sensory bin for mystery jewels and trinkets? A pirate theme is ONE of those themes that NEED a sensory bin to pair with your books and themed props. You can use many lovely fillers and materials to make a pirate...
If you love doing a pirate theme with your caseload, this blog post is about the best pirate-themed toys to use with play-based speech therapy. Owning pirate props and toy sets can be just what you need to bring the pirate theme to life. You will find Amazon affiliate...
When you start back at school running speech therapy groups, it's kinda hard to know where to "begin" with your sessions. You know some students from previous years while others on your caseload are brand new to you! The ultimate goal of the first week of speech is to...
Most SLPs cover at least two schools and often carry our speech therapy materials from site to site. If you are one of the lucky SLPs with only one location, you may go into classrooms or pull kids out in the hallways to do quick artic sessions. Either way, having...
Many school-based SLPs cover two or more different sites with their caseload. Managing all the paperwork, documenting progress, and communicating with the IEP team is a LOT! It can take a lot of papers and forms to document all the caseload duties, so why not use...
Are you a newby to the themed therapy approach? Maybe you are a seasoned them ester SLP? Either way, it can be tricky to pick the right themed therapy materials for your caseload. If you always find yourself spending tons of planning time looking for the right...